The line between an acquisition of supplies and services and an acquisition of construction is drawn by the Procurement Code's definitions of each.
The term "construction," as used in the procurement process, generally means the process of building, altering, repairing, remodeling, improving, or demolishing a public structure, public building, or other public improvements to real property. It does not include the routine operation, routine repair, or routine maintenance of an existing facility.
The term "supplies," as used in the procurement process, generally means any personal property, equipment, materials, printing, and insurance.
The term "services," as used in the procurement process, generally means the furnishing of labor, time, or effort by a contractor not required to deliver a specific end product, including consultant services other than construction related professional design services.
To illustrate the differences, consider the following examples.
The acquisition and installation of a large, replacement cooling tower is a procurement for supplies and services, and an acquisition to repair the roof an existing building is a procurement for supplies and services.
In contrast, an acquisition to replace the roof system of an existing building with a different roof system is an acquisition of construction, and an acquisition to build a new brick wall around a court yard is an acquisition of construction.
Do not let any related laws confuse the issue; the line between a procurement of supplies and services and a procurement of construction is not dictated either by building codes or licensing laws (e.g., South Carolina Contractor's Licensing Act). Stated differently, construction as well as supply and services procurements can be subject to the licensing laws and building codes, or not.